Eastern Europe, Caucasus and Central Asia, Europe, inflation, investment, Macroeconomics and macroeconomic policy, Research, taxes

Welfare Costs of Inflation in Transition Economies

The project was financed by CERGE-EI.

The aim of the project was to examine welfare effects of the interactions between the tax system and inflation in Poland and in Ukraine, using the framework developed by Feldstein (1997, 1999). This approach stresses the fact that inflation increases distortions created by the tax system, in particular distortions to intertemporal saving decisions. We find that the effects are much smaller in the two transition countries than in developed market economies. The reason is that taxation of investment returns is much more limited.

Our results suggest that taxes on investment returns should be avoided in any future redesign of the tax system.