The New EU Frontier: Perspectives on Enhanced Economic Integration
The central objective of this report (completed in March 2006) is to identify the best forms of enhanced economic integration that could be pursued over the next 5- 10 years between the EU and Ukraine, Russia, Egypt, Morocco and Algeria, from the EU perspective.
All of these countries except Russia are partners in the European Neighbourhood Policy, which is a new framework for the EU’s relations with its neighbour countries. Russia is not formally part of the ENP, but the four common policy spaces agreed at the summit in May 2005 amount to a more selective Russian derivative of the ENP, with the notable exclusion of democracy and human rights. Russia is also to be included in the operating area of the European Neighbourhood Policy Instrument (ENPI, the ENP’s budget). The five countries covered in this report are of medium to large size in terms of population, but small in economic terms, relative to the EU. They have different histories of co-operation with the EU, but all have been recipients of substantial EU financial assistance.